International Heliophysical 
Year 2007

IHY builds on the successes of the International Geophysical Year and the previous International Polar Years. We now extend our global studies out into the Heliosphere and incorporate the drivers of geophysical change into the global system. As we approach the "new frontier" of the heliopause and interstellar space, our heritage clearly extends back to previous International Years:

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IHY Objectives:

1. Develop the basic science of heliophysics through cross-disciplinary studies of universal processes.

2. Determine the response of terrestrial and planetary magnetospheres and atmospheres to external drivers.

3. Promote research on the Sun-heliosphere system outward to the local interstellar medium - the new frontier.

4. Foster international scientific cooperation in the study of heliophysical phenomena now and in the future.

5. Preserve the history and legacy of the IGY on its 50th Anniversary.

6. Communicate unique IHY results to the scientific community and the general public.


International leaders have been identified throughout the world for this event, which will involve all 191 United Nations member states, with active planning teams in every region. Activities include Coordinated Investigation Programs (CIPs) between scientists around the world, the "IGY Gold" history preservation initiative, global educational activities and events and a United Nations-sponsored program to establish space science activities in developing nations.

IHY Outreach And Education Overview

The IHY Outreach and Education Program is one of the 4 main components of IHY (Science, Observatory Development, Outreach and History) and it is fundamental in achieving one of IHY's primary objectives which is to "demonstrate the beauty, relevance and significance of Space and Earth Science to the world."

The Outreach and Education Program for IHY has the following objectives:

   - inspiring the next generation of Space and Earth scientists and explorers

   - spreading the knowledge of our solar system and the exciting process of scientific exploration to the people of the world.


There is already in place a wide variety of outreach and education activities related to Space and Earth Science. We would like to see all of them come together to celebrate the International Heliophysical Year in 2007.


The IHY Outreach and Education Program will focus on:

- developing new and exciting outreach programs that provide unique opportunities for the global community;

- increasing the visibility and accessibility of existing outreach programs;

- developing partnerships between existing programs and activities to broaden their scope and impact;

- determining the need for multi-lingual adaptations of educational resources and facilitating their translation.


Why be part of IHY? The IHY is an exceptional opportunity for the existing programs to expand their scope, making them more visible and increasing their impact worldwide.

Globalizing Heliophysics Outreach

The IHY Outreach and Education Program is dedicated to bringing heliophysics education to all the people of the world. The organizational structure of the outreach program parallels that of the overall IHY structure, with education coordinators for each geographical region and national leaders for many nations.

Because our team is globally based, and because we have developed the IHY program in conjunction with the United Nations, a key goal of the IHY outreach program is the expand current outreach programs on a global scale. Therefore, a significant amount of effort will be dedicated to the translation and adaptation of existing educational resources into new languages. Our team members will work towards making heliophysics accessible to all the peoples of the world. You can read more about IHY Multi-lingual resources.


The IHY Outreach and Education Program is being developed in close coordination with the other three components of IHY:

- SCIENCE: As there are hundreds of observatories and institutions worldwide preparing for IHY scientific activities and many of them have outreach and education programs, they are being linked in an unprecedented way. Additionally, many IHY scientists are volunteering their time and resources to bring new and exciting scientific results to the people of the world.


- OBSERVATORY DEVELOPMENT: The IHY/United Nations Observatory Development is dedicated to the establishment of activities in all 191 United Nations Member States. The program focuses on deploying instrumentation and encouraging Space and Earth Science activities worldwide. A strong educational component to these activities is vital to their success. An example of this connection is the AWESOME Space Weather Monitor program.


- HISTORY: The IGY Gold History Program recognizes all the scientists in the world who worked for IGY 1957 programs and works to preserve the history of the IGY for future generations. Public outreach activities include spreading the knowledge of space science and exploration to the public and historical awareness programs.

How IHY Works

IHY consists of a wide range of activities spanning all corners of the globe. Some of these activities may happen on a local level, but they are all part of an internationally coordinated program that celebrates the 50th anniversary of IGY and lays the foundation for the next 50 years of heliophysical research.


The Primary Objectives of IHY are:


- Advancing our Understanding of the Heliophysical Processes that Govern the Sun, Earth and Heliosphere;

- Continuing the tradition of international research and advancing the legacy on the 50th anniversary of the International Geophysical Year;

- Demonstrating the Beauty, Relevance and Significance of Space and Earth Science to the World.


IHY's priorities are set via its three primary objectives. The first objective, "Advancing our Understanding of the Fundamental Heliophysical Processes that Govern the Sun, Earth and Heliosphere" focuses on our scientific activities, involving an international community of scientists spanning all of the heliophysical disciplines.


The second objective, "Continuing the tradition of international research and advancing the legacy on the 50th anniversary of the International Geophysical Year" refers to our commitment to preserving the history and legacy of the IGY and our cooperation with other IGY anniversary programs.


The third objective, "Demonstrating the Beauty, Relevance and Significance of Space and Earth Science to the World" reminds us of the tremendous opportunity in 2007-8 for outreach and education.

Based on the primary objectives, we have established the following six goals:

1. Develop the basic science of heliophysics through cross-disciplinary studies of universal processes.

2. Determine the response of terrestrial and planetary magnetospheres and atmospheres to external drivers.

3. Promote research on the Sun-heliosphere system outward to the local interstellar medium - the new frontier.

4. Foster international scientific cooperation in the study of heliophysical phenomena now and in the future.

5. Preserve the history and legacy of the IGY on its 50th Anniversary.

6. Communicate unique IHY results to the scientific community and the general public.

How they all fit together

All of IHY's activities fit under at least one of the following categories:

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Science:

IHY's scientific activities will be organized via Coordinated Investigation Programmes (CIPs). The CIPs will span all the disciplines throughout heliophysics, and will coordinate observations and analysis involving scientists and instrumentation in all 191 United Nations member states.

Using the data resulting from the CIPs, will drive towards a more complete understanding of the universal processes that govern the Sun, Earth, planets and heliosphere. IHY's Science Pages contain a more thorough description of the science activities and how to participate in them.


Observatory Development:


The United Nations Basic Space Science Initiative (UNBSSI) will be dedicating their workshops and activities through 2009 to the IHY developing nations initiative. Drawing on nearly fifteen years of workshops on basic space science for the benefit of scientists and engineers from developing nations, the United Nations Office for Outer Space Affairs, through the UNBSSI, will assist scientists and engineers from all over the world in participating in the preparations for IHY 2007.


This joint developing nations program will target activities which stimulate Space and Earth Science activities at institutions around the globe, such as the establishment of ground-based instrument arrays and research programs. The program consists of a series of annual workshops hosted in varying international locations, including the 2005 Workshop in Al-Ain, United Arab Emirates.


History:


IHY is also dedicated to preserving the history and legacy of IGY 1957. Capitalizing on its 50th anniversary, the IGY Gold History Program seeks to identify and recognize planners of and participants in the first IGY, preserve memoirs, articles, photographs, and all items of historical significance for the IGY, make these items available to historians, researchers, etc., spread awareness of the history of geophysics, and plan a series of commemorative special events and "reunions."


Outreach:


There are unique opportunities for expanding the education and awareness of Space and Earth Sciences during IHY. As a result, the education program forms a cornerstone of our international initiative. As hundreds of observatories and institutions are preparing for IHY's scientific activities, the associated educational programs are being linked into an unprecedented network of schools, institutes, programs, and activities in developing nations.


All of the IHY initiatives are interlinked, and by coordinating these activities on an international level, we identify opportunities to maximize the impact of our programs.


For example, as we establish a greater presence for Space and Earth Sciences in developing nations, we will assist the local researchers establish education and outreach initiatives through our international educational programs. Stronger research programs mean stronger universities, which allow the development of graduate and undergraduate programs, which are key factors in encouraging youth to become interested in the exciting field of heliophysics. This is an example of our Outreach initiatives leveraging the Observatory Development activities to maximize their potential.


IHY OBSERVATORY DEVELOPMENT. The IHY/UNBSSI Developing Nations Program

The United Nations Basic Space Science Initiative will be dedicating their workshops and activities through 2009 to the IHY developing nations program. Drawing on nearly fifteen years of workshops on basic space science for the benefit of scientists and engineers from developing nations, the United Nations Office for Outer Space Affairs, through the United Nations Basic Space Science Initiative (UNBSSI), will assist scientists and engineers from all over the world in participating in the preparations for IHY 2007.


This joint program will target activities which stimulate Space and Earth Science activities in developing nations, such as the establishment of ground-based instrument arrays and research programs. The program consists of a series of annual workshops hosted in varying international locations, including the 2005 UN/IHY Workshop in Al-Ain, United Arab Emirates, the 2006 Workshop in Bangalore, India, and the 2007 Workshop in Tokyo, Japan.


The program will also continue the series of publications produced by the UNBSSI, published in the six United Nations official languages: Arabic, Chinese, English, French, Russian and Spanish.

IHY 2007 Activities

Because 2007 is a momentous year, there are many more activities planned.


The Electronic Geophysical Year (eGY) will "bring the management of geoscientific information worldwide into the 21st century through an e-Science approach and the development of virtual observatories."


The International Polar Year is an "internationally coordinated campaign of research that will initiate a new era in polar science."


The International Year of Planet Earth (IYPE) will "focus on the positive aspects of this relationship, and demonstrate how geoscientists are the key players in creating a sustainable future for humans and their planet."

IHY Supporting Organizations

Organizations are supporting IHY by providing resources, meeting space, supplies, materials, as well as support for science and outreach activities. If your organization is interested in supporting or participating in IHY, please contact the IHY International Coordinator Nat Gopalswamy.

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